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On June 22, 1999, the United States Supreme Court held in Olmstead v. L.C. that the unnecessary segregation of individuals with disabilities in institutions may constitute discrimination based on disability. The court ruled that the Americans with Disabilities Act may require states to provide community-based services rather than institutional placements for individuals with disabilities.
In a 6-3 opinion written by Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg, the court affirmed a ruling by the United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit, saying that "unjustified isolation of individuals with disabilities is properly regarded as discrimination based on disability."
Read about the Olmstead Decision from the Bazelon Center for Mental Health Law
After a Year. Progress report on Olmstead by NAPAS. Release date July 25, 2000.